Mount Rinjani, located on the Indonesian island of Lombok, is an active stratovolcano known for its scenic beauty and geological significance. It features a large caldera containing the striking Segara Anak crater lake and the relatively young Barujari cone, which remains intermittently active.

Location: Lombok, Indonesia
Coordinates: -8.412020, 116.457731
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano


Rinjani’s Location


Rinjani’s Latest Status

2024: Level I (Not Active)


Rinjani’s Eruptive History

Year Overview
1847 First well-documented historical eruption. Activity likely included ash explosions and possibly lava flows.
1944 Significant eruption centered on the Rombongan dome. This involved a powerful explosion that generated pyroclastic flows and a large ash column.
1966 Small eruption with lava flows entering Segara Anak (the caldera lake), recorded as having a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 1.
1994-1995 Series of eruptions centered on the Barujari cone, marked by ash plumes, explosions, and lava flows. This period contributed significantly to the growth of the Barujari cone.
2004 Eruptions from Barujari with ash columns reaching 300-800 meters and powerful explosions.
2009 Barujari activity included ash plumes reaching thousands of meters in height and lava flows extending into the caldera lake.
2010 Multiple eruptions with significant ash fall, causing damage to crops and temporary airport closures in the region.
2015-2016 Eruptions produced sizeable ash plumes, leading to airport closures and travel disruptions. Ash sometimes drifted as far as Bali and Java.


Rinjani Monitoring

For monitoring of Indonesian Volcanoes, please refer to PVMBG.


Rinjani Images