Mount Marapi, located in West Sumatra, Indonesia, is a highly active stratovolcano known for its frequent eruptions. Marapi’s activity is characterized by phreatic (steam-driven) explosions, lava dome growth, and occasional pyroclastic flows, posing a significant threat to nearby populations. Due to its volatile nature, the volcano is under constant observation by volcanologists.

Location: West Sumatra, Indonesia
Coordinates: -0.391862, 100.457022
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano


Marapi’s Location


Marapi’s Latest Status

2024: Level III (Alert)


Marapi’s Eruptive History

Year Overview
1822 Significant eruption accompanied by earthquakes. Ashfall and pyroclastic flows were likely involved.
1940s-1970s A period of elevated activity. Multiple eruptions occurred, often characterized by ash emissions, crater glow, and occasionally pyroclastic flows.
2004-2005 Increased seismic activity, frequent ash eruptions, and small pyroclastic flows extending short distances from the summit.
2006 Larger eruption with pyroclastic flows reaching several kilometers from the summit, prompting evacuations.
2010 Series of eruptions including ash emissions, explosions, and small to moderate pyroclastic flows. This period of activity triggered evacuations in the surrounding area.
2011 Ash plumes reaching several thousand meters in height, increased seismic activity, and thermal anomalies observed at the crater.
2013 Several phreatic (steam-driven) eruptions with significant ashfall impacting local communities.
2014 Repeated ash eruptions and elevated seismic activity with occasional incandescence at the crater.
2017-2018 Series of eruptions featuring pyroclastic flows traveling several kilometers down the flanks, volcanic ash emissions causing disruptions, and periods of heightened alert levels.
2023 Eruptions resume, producing large plumes.
2024 Eruptions continue with ash plumes rising to 500 meters.


Marapi Monitoring

For monitoring of Indonesian Volcanoes, please refer to PVMBG.


Marapi Images