Gamalama Volcano

Gamalama is a strato volcano covering the entire landmass of Ternate Island, Indonesia. It is also called Peak of Ternate and has multiple craters and crater lakes. As one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia, Gamalama has a history of explosive eruptions, followed by lava flows.

Location: Ternate, Indonesia
Coordinates: 0.809933, 127.333201
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano

Gamalama's location:

 

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No news on this volcano

 

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Gamalama's Eruptive History

2018 At least eight tremors before a small phreatic eruption and ash column (250m) appeared. In a state of unrest.
2017 August - Extreme Pursuit visited Gamalama. The volcano was showing very little sign of unrest.
2015 July - Small phreatic eruption, ash column to 2000m.
2014 Dec - Phreatic eruption, ash column to 2000m. Flowing lava near the summit also observed. 9 hikers were injured as they ran down the crater flank.
2011 Dec - Phreatic eruption, ash column to 2000m. Thousands left the island due to heavy ash fall. 4 people died.
2007-8 Small eruption after seismic activity increased.
2003 A pyroclastic flow was observed in the north-east flank. Ternate was covered in a thick layer of ash and some residents were evacuated.
1990 Ongoing eruptive activity, producing ash columns to 3000m and pyroclastic flows.
1980 Major eruption with 50,000 people evacuation. Eruption produced lava bombs and formed a new crater.
1775 Major eruption, causing the deaths of 1300 people (approx).

 

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Images of Gamalama

No monitoring on this volcano

 

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