Fernandina Volcano, situated on Fernandina Island in the Galápagos archipelago, is a remarkably active basaltic shield volcano renowned for its frequent eruptions. The volcano’s summit caldera, measuring approximately 6.5 kilometers in width, is a defining feature. Notably, the caldera experienced a partial collapse in 1968.

Location: Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
Coordinates: -0.373781, -91.539660
Volcano Type: Shield


Fernandina’s Location


Fernandina’s Latest Status

2024: Active. Lava flows advancing down the SSE flank.


Fernandina’s Eruptive History

Year OVerview
1995 Significant eruption along fissures on the southern flank, producing lava flows that reached the coast.
2005 Eruption from the southwest rim of the caldera, with lava flows contained primarily within the caldera.
2009 Fissure eruption on the southwest flank, generating lava flows that extended to the ocean.
2017 Short-lived eruption lasting about a week, with lava flows originating from the volcano’s southeast flank.
2018 Two-day eruption where lava was generated from a radial fissure on the northern flank.
2020 Eruption from a fissure on the eastern flank, producing lava flows and associated thermal anomalies.
2024 Eruption from a circumferential fissure near the volcano’s summit, with lava flows advancing down the SSE flank.


Fernandina Monitoring

For monitoring of this volcano, please refer to IG-EPN.


Fernandina Images