Mount Sinabung


Mount Sinabung is a stratovolcano located in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Until 2010, no previous eruptions were confirmed. The volcano is infamous for pyroclastic flows sweeping down its flanks.

Location: North Sumatra, Indonesia
Coordinates: 3.170355, 98.392541
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano


Mount Sinabung’s Location


Mount Sinabung’s Latest Status

2024: Currently Alert Level 1 – Not Active.


Mount Sinabung’s Eruptive History

2010 First confirmed (Holocene) eruption. This eruption occurred on August 27. On August 29 the alert level was increased to 4 and a 6km exclusion zone was set up. Further eruptions occurred, producing two distinctive columns from two vents. On Sept 7, Sinabung produced the largest eruption yet, with ash rising to 8km.
2013 September – Nov. Multiple eruptions and numerous pyroclastic flows down SE flank prompting evacuations.
2014 Ongoing ash eruptions to 4000m. Lava-dome collapses generated more than 100 pyroclastic flows. Lava flows down the S flank.
2015-17 More eruptions. An eruption in May 2016 killed seven people.
2018 February – Large eruption with plume to 17 km. A pyroclastic flow traveled several kilometers. Significant ash fall.
2019 June – More large eruptions, producing a tall ash column to 17 km and multiple pyroclastic flows to 3 km. Incandescent blocks visible near the summit.
2021 Minor activity. White gas and steam plumes noted.
2022 Alert level reduced from Alert Level 3 down to 2.
2023 VAAC Darwin issued an ash advisory rising to over 5000 meters


Mount Sinabung Monitoring

For monitoring of Indonesian Volcanoes, please refer to PVMBG.


Mount Sinabung Images