Mount Nyiragongo

Nyiragongo is one of the most active and beautiful volcanoes in the world. It is a large stratovolcano located inside Virunga National Park, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mt. Nyiragongo’s main crater is about 2 km wide and contains the largest, continuous lava lake on Earth.

Location: Virunga, DRC
Coordinates: -1.521338, 29.247704
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano

 

Mount Nyiragongo's location

May 2021: Major eruption including lava fountaining and flows. No threat to Goma at this time.

 


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Mount Nyiragongo's Eruptive History

1970's Lava lake active, effusive eruptions from within the crater. In 1977 a flank eruption occurred (on the SE flank). Post this, the lava lake drained completely.
1982 Fire fountaining created a new lava lake.
1994 After draining again, the lava lake became active again.
2002 January - At 5am, Nyiragongo erupted. Three separate lava flows moved down the E, W and S flanks. These flows reached Goma and into Lake Kivu. A substantial ash plume was generated also. 245 people died.
2020 The lava lake persists. A small eruptive cone within the crater remains active.
2021 May - Flank eruption and lava flows. A highway to Beni has been cut off by lava. The summit lava lake has drained, similar to events that happened on Ambrym.

 


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Images of Mount Nyiragongo

 


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No monitoring of this volcano available.

 


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